Traditionally, the canon of Sherlock Holmes consists of the 56 short stories and four novels written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. In this context, the term "canon" Is an attempt to distinguish between Doyle's works and subsequent works by other authors using the same characters. The traditional canon—usually capitalized by aficionados of the Sherlock game as "the canon"—consists of four novels and 56 short stories. The description of these 60 adventures as the Sherlock Holmes canon and the game of applying the methods of "higher criticism" To it was started by Ronald Knox as a playful use of the traditional definition of canon as an authoritative list of books accepted as holy scripture..
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1859. Before starting his writing career, Doyle attended medical school, where he met the professor who would later inspire his most famous creation, Sherlock Holmes. A Study in Scarlet was Doyle's first novel; he would go on to write more than sixty stories featuring Sherlock Holmes. He died in England in 1930.